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What follows is a basic 'Timeline' - setting currently accepted (2003/5) Reiki-related-events (from the birth of Mikao Usui, to the death of Chujiro Hayashi) in the broader context of Japanese society at the time.

[NOTE:This document is continually being amended as clearer information becomes available. This current version therefore supercedes all other versions which have been posted on other websites, various newsgroups, or made otherwise available as .pdf files.]


Aug 15
  Mikao Usui born in the village of Taniai, Gifu Prefecture, Japan.
Apr 25, 1867   Tokyo opened for foreign trade
1867   With the assistance of a gun-carrying Samurai named Ryoma Sakamoto, the feudal government system was toppled and the Tokugawa Shogunate gave up power.
1868   Beginning of Meiji period (see: MEIJI, USUI & SHUGENDO )
1869   Emperor relocated Japan's Capital from Kyoto to Edo, renamed Tokyo ("Eastern Capital")
1869   Mikao Usui believed by some to have been sent to a Tendai Monastery School
Feb 3
  Proclamation of the Great Doctrine which restored Shinto - also known as: Kami no Michi ('the Way of the Kami') as the guiding principle of the nation. Every Japanese citizen required to register at the Shrine of the local Kami of his residence - i.e. the local Shinto Temple (not at Buddhist Temples, as is mistakenly stated by several Reiki researchers)

Jun 27

  The Yen became the new form of currency in Japan.
1871   Samurai class banned from carrying swords
Apr 1872   An Imperial Edict gives state permission for Buddhist monks to eat meat, grow their hair, marry and have children, take on a family name, and to refrain from wearing robes except when performing services
1873   Centuries-old ban on Christianity lifted, and compulsory registration at local Shinto shrines was terminated after vigorous criticism from many
Apr 11 1873   Toshihiro Eguchi born in Kumamoto
1877   Last Revolt by the Samurai class is quelled
1877/78   It is said by some that at the age of 12 Usui-Sensei began martial arts training - studying either 'Yagyu Ryu' or 'Yagyu Shinkage Ryu' - martial arts incorporating Ken-Jutsu (swordsmanship) and Ju-jutsu (unarmed combat). He would go on to gain his Menkyo Kaiden (teachers/full licence) in his 20's.
Sept 15, 1880   Chujiro Hayashi born in Tokyo
1882   The central Bank of Japan was established.
Dec.14, 1883   The founder of Aikido, Morihei Ueshiba, born
Apr 4, 1884   Isoroku Yamamoto was born. As a Japanese Naval Commander, he would go on to mastermind the attack on Pearl Harbour.
Feb 9, 1885   The first Japanese arrived in Hawaii.
1887   Chujiro Hayashi's wife, Chie born
1888-92   It had been claimed by some that during this period (- apparently as a result of a Cholera-induced, profound near-death experience in which he is said to have received visions of Mahavairochana Buddha) Usui-Sensei converted from Tendai to the other Major Branch of Japanese Mikkyo (Esoteric) Buddhism - the Shingon school [ - however, the source of this information has recently been exposed as having fabricated a considerable amount of supposed 'original' Reiki information and documents.]
Jul 23, 1894   Korean Imperial Palace in Seoul taken over byJapanese troops.
1894/5   Sino-Japanese War
Apr23, 1895   Russia, France, and Germany forced Japan to return the Liaodong peninsula to China.
1899   Japanese Government passed a statute discriminating against the northern Ainu people.
Dec 24
  Hawayo Kawamuru (later: Takata) born in Hanamaulu, Kauai, Hawaii.
APR 29, 1901   Hirohito, future Emperor of Japan, born.
  Japan formed an alliance with England.
Dec 14
  Chujiro Hayashi graduated from Class 30 at the Japanese Naval Academy at Etajima
1903Chujiro Hayashi's son: Tadayoshi born
1904   Tenko Nishida founded the Spiritual Community known as Ittôen
1904/5   Russo-Japanese War
1906   Kimiko Koyama born. We are told that from 1975 to1999, Kimiko Koyama was the 6th President of the Usui Reiki Ryoho Gakkai , the first woman to hold the position
190?   Mikao Usui married Sadako Suzuki
Feb 24, 1908   Japan officially agreed to restrict immigration to the U.S.
1908   Morihei Ueshiba, in his 20's, received his Menkyo Kaiden (full license) in Gotoha Yagyu Shingan Ryu.- a martial arts style in the Yagyu Shinkage Ryu lineage
1908   Usui-Sensei's son, Fuji (1908-1946) born
  The Omoto Kyo spiritual group published the first issue of their magazine entitled: Chokurei-gun ("Direct-Spirit Army" or "Spirit direct [from Kami/God] Army")
  Having practiced Zen disciplines for many years, Shoseki Kaneko experienced a 'minor enlightenment' and as a result began to manifest healing abilities.
1910Chujiro Hayashi's daughter: Kiyoe born
1910   Japan officially annexed Korea.
1911   Seitosha - first Japanese feminist group founded in this year
1912   Death of the Meiji Emperor. Prince Yoshihito became the Taisho Emperor
1913   Usui-Sensei's daughter, Toshiko, born
Aug 23
  Japan joined the Allied side in World War I, declaring war on Germany

Possible date when Usui-Sensei received the Reiki ability??. This is apparently the date given in 2 different Japanese books on Reiki?? &, according to Dave King of Usui-Do, is the date cited by Tatsumi-san [said to have been one of Hayashi-Sensei's students]

Jan, 1915   Japan took over economic control of China
1915   A Tendai Buddhist nun referred to as: 'Suzuki San', so it is claimed, becomes one of Usui Sensei's student, remaining with him until 1920
  A book entitled Kenzen no Genri (Health Principles), written by a Dr. Bizan (or Miyama?) Suzuki, includes the admonition:
"Just for today, do not anger (others), do not fear, work hard, be honest, and be kind to others."
This is almost certainly the direct source of Usui Sensei's Five Reiki Principles.
[There may have been an earlier edition of this book published in Dec.1914]
1915   Tamai Tempaku, a practitioner of the ancient art of Ampuku (abdominal massage) and student of Chinese acupoint therapy, published the first book describing his newly developed therapeutic modality, which he named 'Shiatsu'.
In the volume entitled: Shiatsu Ryoho (“Finger Pressure Method of Healing”) Tamai described the treatment of pathological conditions identified by modern Western medicine using his Shiatsu Ryoho which integrated traditional therapies, spiritual wisdom, and western models of anatomy and physiology.
1917   Gichin Funakoshi first introduced the Okinawan Martial art of te (or naha-te) to the Japanese mainland. The art is better known today as Karate
1917   Hawayo Kawamuru and Saichi Takata married
1918   Chujiro Hayashi appointed Director of Ominato Port Defense Station, at the foot of Mt Osore, Northern Japan.
1918   Japan's first Parliamentary Cabinet formed.
1918/19   Usui-Sensei said to have begun 3 year training in Zen.
1919   Morihei Tanaka published: "Taireido: A new revelation showing the true system of life"
It had been suggested that Usui-sensei may have been student of Tanaka's, or at least have been influenced by his teachings.
The term: Taireido has been translated as 'The Great Spirit-Way'
1919   A therapist named Mataji Kawakami (?) published a book entitled: Reiki Ryoho To Sono Koka (Reiki Ryoho & Its Effects)
This book was not about 'Usui Reiki Ryoho'.
It seems that the term Reiki Ryoho (indicating 'Spiritual Healing') was used by several therapists, before Usui-Sensei, to describe their practices.
1920   According to Dave King, a woman now referred to as Mariko-Obaasan (- a Tendai Buddhist Nun) and her friend apparently met Usui-Sensei on Mt. Hiei (Headquarters of the Tendai sect). It is claimed that she spent almost every day from then on working with him, up to the time of his death [Note: Obaasan means grandmother and is simply a term of respect, not part of a name]
1920/21Toshihiro Eguchi, a friend of Usui-Sensei spent several months working and studying with Usui-Sensei
1921   Mrs Chiyoko Yamaguchi (of Jikiden Reiki) born
1921   Usui-Sensei believed to have begun working as secretary to Goto Shinpei, head of the Department of Health and Welfare, who had from 1898 to 1906 been head of the civil administration of Taiwan, and would later (1922) become the Mayor of Tokyo.
April 1921   Usui Sensei believed to have incorporated the gokai (the 'five principles' or 'precepts') into his teachings.
Nov 25, 1921   Hirohito became Regent of Japan.
March 1922   Possible date when Usui-Sensei received the Reiki ability??
Kurama Yama (MT Kurama), about a 30 minute train ride from the old capital of Kyoto, is said to be the mountain in where Mikao Usui carried out his 21-day meditation, and on the 21st day experienced the phenomenon that is Reiki.
[However, others have previously suggested that it was in fact Koya Yama (MT Koya) and not Kurama Yama which was the place.]
Whatever the case, prior to this date, Usui-Sensei is said to have been practicing and teaching his own personal system of self -development involving [so it is claimed] teachings which, while Buddhist in origin, are said to have included some 'Shinto energy practices'.
[However, research in progress (2006) would seem to indicate that Usui-sensei's system may actually have been strongly influenced by the philosophy of the Omoto Kyo spiritual group]
Apparently he did not really have a name for the system -though it is referred to by some as: 'Usui Do' - 'Usui Way'
April 1922   Usui-Sensei opened his first training centre (some call it a "clinic") in Harajuku, Aoyama, Tokyo.
His 'motto' for the training centre was:
"Unity of self through harmony and balance".
It is also claimed by some that Usui-Sensei founded Usui Reiki Ryoho Gakkai (Usui Reiki Healing Method Learning Society) at this time, though others maintain that the Gakkai was actually founded by a number of his senior students sometime after Usui-Sensei's death.
1922   Usui-Sensei supposed to have used the Reiju empowerment method for the first time in Harajuku, Tokyo.
Nov 17th, 1922   Albert Einstein and his second wife, Elsa arrived in Japan. Staying in the country till 22nd December, he visited several Imperial Universities, lecturing on the theory of relativity. [While on route to Japan Einstein learned that he had been awarded the Nobel Physics Prize]
1923   Usui-Sensei said to have introduced a grading system used by Jigoro Kano (creator of Judo). Thus the levels in the original Usui-Do system became:
Rokukyu, Gokyu, Yankyu, Sankyu, Nikkyu (CKR symbol taught at this level), Ikkyu (SHK symbol ), Shodan (HSZSN symbol), Nidan (DKM symbol), Sandan, Yondan, Godan, Rokudan, Shichidan (/Nanadan).
This format was in use up until late 1925
1923   Toshihiro Eguchi returned to the training centre to practice his own te-no-hira (palm healing) system which apparently incorporated elements of Usui-sensei's teachings. Eguchi's system had religious overtones and included a form of blessing ceremony that Eguchi had learned from his friend Tenko Nishida - founder of the Ittoen Community
Usui-Sensei, it seems, was somewhat uncomfortable with Eguchi's approach but eventually permitted Eguchi to teach at the centre on a twice-weekly basis. He was allowed to perform the blessing ceremony, but apparently not allowed to chant a prayer element known as the Komyo Kigan .
1923   Torii gate at entrance to Amataka shrine in Taniai village erected by Usui-Sensei and his family.
1923   Over 106,000 people reported missing or killed, 500,000 injured and 694,000 houses were destroyed, in an earthquake measuring 7.9 on the Richter scale - the epicentre was about 50 miles from Tokyo. Usui-Sensei apparently became quite famous as a result of helping many of the survivors, and his success and reputation with Reiki is said to have spread all over Japan.
  Usui-Sensei moved his Centre to larger premises in Nakano, outside of Tokyo.
Jun 26, 1924   Crown Prince Hirohito married the daughter of Prince Kuniyoshi Kuni, Nagako
1924   US passed an Immigration Act banning Japanese from emigrating to the US
1925   Taisho Government passed the Chian Iji Ho (Peace Preservation Law / Public Security Act). Primarily intended to stem the spread of Socialist thought, the Chian Iji Ho was also implemented to control the growth and activities of religious and spiritual groups considered to be promoting 'dangerous thoughts' - i.e. ideas in any way conflicting with, or critical of, the official views and doctrines of the State.
  Males over the age of 25 were given the vote
May 1925   A further group of Tendai nuns are said to have arrived at the Usui Sensei's Training Centre (staying until the November of that year).
May 1925   Chujiro Hayashi arrived at the training centre
  Chujiro Hayashi received Sandan level training from Usui-Sensei

18 junior Naval Officers and the Rear Admirals: Juusaburo Gyuda (also known as Ushida) and Kanichi Taketomi (-these latter two are believed to have been the actual founders of the Usui Reiki Ryoho Gakkai -) apparently joined Usui Sensei's classes.
It is claimed by some that at this point there was a sudden shift in the nature and structure of the training given at the centre, and as a result of the Rear Admirals' influence, a system of 'biofield therapeutics' - with a focus on treating others - began to emerge alongside Usui-Do
This system, apparently based in part around Eguchi's hand healing concepts - and utilising several Ki-development techniques from Eguchi's book - was being referred to as: 'Usui Reiki Ryoho' by the Naval Officers.
has been suggested that it was also during this time that Hayashi-Sensei [perhaps under orders from the Admirals] compiled his 'healing guide' - as a basic text for this newly evolving therapeutic modality.
We are led to believe that a new grading system came into use around this time - grades above Nidan were dropped - and four new levels introduced, called: Shoden (first grade), Chuuden (middle grade), Okuden (inner grade) and Kaiden (grade of explanation)
It is also possible that it may have been under the influence of the Naval Officers that the Gyosei (: poems penned by the Meiji Emperor) began to be used at the start of the meetings


Kaiji Tomita learned Reiki around this period, and later taught Reiki in the 4-level format introduced by the Naval Officers.
Apparently, his classes for the first three levels: Shoden, Chuuden and Okuden, each involved a 10-hour period of training over 5 days, and Kaiden involved 15 days training (presumably 30 hours).

Jan 1926   It seems the grading levels were apparently changed once more to: Shoden (which now included Chuuden, and had four sub-levels), Okudenzenki (previously: Okuden), Okudenkouki and Shinpiden (the latter two covering what had formerly been taught as Kaiden), with the Shinpiden level having almost the same content as the Sandan level in the grading system originally used by Usui-Sensei.
It is said that while Gyuda and Taketomi achieved the Shinpiden level of proficiency, Hayashi-Sensei had continued his training in keeping with the earlier grading system, in time achieving the level of Shichidan.
Apparently, the only other person to reach this level was Toshihiro Eguchi and it is said that both Eguchi and Hayashi-Sensei continued teaching the original Usui-Do system along with their own healing systems for several years after Usui-Sensei's death.
March 9
  Usui-Sensei travelled to Fukuyama town to meet with his creditors, and died there as a result of a stroke (he had apparently had several previous ones)
* * *
1926   It is claimed that Mariko-Obaasan and her friend remained at the training centre for some months after Usui-Sensei's death, then left.
Apparently, while they were still there, some of Usui-Sensei's remains were placed in a private shrine along with a large portrait photograph of him and the original copy of the 5 Precepts that had hung in the training centre.
1926   A few months after Usui-Sensei's death, Hayashi-Sensei (with the co-operation and assistance of Ushida and Taketomi) is believed to have moved Usui-Sensei's training centre to Shina-no-Machi (in Tokyo's Shinjuku-ku district) .It was to Hayashi-sensei's clinic in Shina no Machi that Hawayo Takata would later come seeking treatment...
Dec 25, 1926   Hirohito became the Emperor Showa. However, he would not be formally enthroned for almost another two years
1926/27   According to some, Rear Admiral Juusaburo Gyuda and other students formed the "Usui Reiki Ryoho Gakkai" (Usui Reiki Healing Method Learning Society[/Association])"', posthumously honouring Usui-Sensei by naming him as the first 'president' of the society.


  Usui-Sensei's students said to have erected the memorial stone which amongst other things, mentions Mount Kurama as the site of Usui-Sensei's receipt of the Reiki phenomenon. The stone stands beside the Usui family tomb in the graveyard at the Saihoji temple, Tokyo.
  A marker-stone was erected atop the family tomb by Fuji Usui. The tomb would later also become the resting place for Usui-sensei's wife, Sadako, and both their children)
1927   A woman named Chio Uno (1898-1996) scandalized Japanese society by cutting her hair short!
1928   Wasaburo Sugano (Uncle of Mrs Chiyoko Yamaguchi) said to have learned Reiki from Hayashi Sensei
Mar 4, 1928   Article about Reiki by Shou Matsui (a student of Chujiro Hayashi ) appears in a Japanese magazine: 'The Sunday Mainichi'
1928   Toshihiro Eguchi established his own school: Eguchi Te-no-hira Ryoji Kenkyukai (Palm Treatment Research Association)
1928   A book entitled "The Essentials of Seiki Self-Healing", by Jozo Ishii was published by the Seiki Ryoho Institute. The term: Seiki translates as 'Vital Life-Force'
1929   Eguchi began teaching his healing system to members of Tenko Nishida's Ittoen Community
1930   Hayashi-Sensei had begun to restructure his own system, referred to as: Hayashi Reiki Ryoho Kenkyukai - something which would in time evolve into the therapeutic modality learned by Takata-Sensei between 1935 and 1938, and later presented by her as 'Usui Shiki Ryoho'.
1930   Hawayo Takata's husband, Saichi, died.
1930   Toshihiro Eguchi published: Te-no-hira Ryoji Nyumon (An Introduction to Healing with the Palms)
1931   Hayashi-Sensei left the Gakkai. By this time he apparently stopped teaching the original Usui-Do system, although he had conferred Shichidan status on Tatsumi and at least 11 other students.
Eguchi had also left the Gakkai by this time (some suggest he had joined the Gakkai for a year out of respect to Usui, but left because he was unhappy with the ultra-nationalistic attitudes of the Naval Officers), however he continued to teach Usui-Do alongside his own system - one of his Shichidan level students being Yuji Onuki.
1933/4   Kaiji Tomita, who, after Usui-Sensei's death, went on to establish the 'Tomita Teate Ryohokai' (Tomita Hand-Healing Centre), wrote a book entitled: Reiki To Jinjutsu - Tomita Ryu Teate Ryoho (Reiki & Humanitarian Work - Tomita Ryu Hand Healing.
1935   Chiyoko Yamaguchi's elder sister Katsue apparently studied Reiki in Daishoji in the North of Japan
1935   Usui-Sensei's daughter, Toshiko, died
Hawayo Takata travelled to Yamaguchi City, Japan to inform her parents of the death of one of her sisters, and also brought her late husband's ashes to be interred in Kyoto.
After receiving Reiki treatment for several health conditions, Hawayo Takata was accepted into a 6-month internship at Hayashi-Sensei's clinic.
During this time, Hawayo Takata moved into the Hayashi's home - essentially as an uchideshi - a live-in student who receives special training.
On completion of internship, Hawayo Takata initiated into second degree
It is suggested by some that Hawayo Takata and Hayashi-Sensei's wife: Chie, both received the master level initiation during this year.
Takata-Sensei returned to Hawaii aboard the Taiyo Maru, and set about establishing her Reiki Practice 
Takata-Sensei  visited Japan again, spending a couple of months with Hayashi-sensei.
Takata-Sensei  sets sail for Hawaii
Sept. 24 1937
Chujiro Hayashi and his daughter, Kiyoe, set sail from Yokahama on the M. S. 'Chichibu Maru'  
See:  HERE
Oct. 2
Chujiro Hayashi and his daughter Kiyoe arrive in Honolulu, Hawaii. The pair would remain in Hawaii for approximately 4 months 3 weeks, during which time they would accompany Hawayo Takata on a lecture tour to promote the art of Reiki Healing.
Feb, 21
Takata-Sensei certified by Chujiro Hayashi as: "a practitioner and Master of Dr. Usui's Reiki system of healing"
Feb, 22
Chujiro Hayashi and his daughter Kiyoe leave Honolulu ofr Japan, aboard the 'Tatsuta Maru'
1938   Chiyoko Yamaguchi began studying Reiki in Daishoji in the North of Japan
Jan 1,
  Hawayo Takata had a nocturnal vision of Hayashi-Sensei. Fearing something was wrong, she wrote to her daughter who was living with the Hayashis while attending school in Tokyo. Although her daughter replied that all seemed well, Takata remained disturbed by the vision for some time, eventually deciding to set sail for Japan in late March
April 12,
  Takata arrived at Yokahama and made her way to Tokyo. On her arrival, Hayashi-Sensei instructed her to go to Kyoto and study Hydrotherapy.
May 9, 1940
  Hayashi -Sensei wired Takata to come immediately to his summer Villa in Atami, near Mt. Fuji.
May 11, 1940
Cognisant of the likely entry of Japan into what we now designate W.W.II, and of the moral and ethical conflict between resuming military duty and his Reiki values, Hayashi Sensei - in the presence of Takata Sensei and his other students - committed seppuku (suicide). It is said that Hayashi-Sensei was cremated and his ashes interred at a Temple in Tokyo.
Prior to committing suicide, Hayashi-Sensei apparently bequeathed his Tokyo home (and his Clinic?) to Takata-Sensei, leaving the Atami villa to his wife. It was his wish, it seems, that Takata -Sensei continue his work. However, she decided to return to Hawaii - allowing Chie Hayashi to continue to live in the Tokyo house. Chie, it seems, also took over the running of the Hayashi Reiki Ryoho Kenkyukai clinic

Partly, one assumes, as a result of Japan's entry into the war, Takata-Sensei is said to have lost contact with both the Hayashi Reiki Ryoho Kenkyukai itself and with other Japanese Reiki practitioners.

It is commonly believed that it would be more than 40 years before contact with Japanese Reiki practitioners would be re-established...

However, in one of her recorded talks, Takata Sensei states that fourteen years after Hayashi Sensei's death, she made a return visit to Japan and met with his wife Chie, handing back ownership of the Tokyo property to her...



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