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Glossary of Japanese Terminology
in Spiritual/Healing Arts

Copyright © 2002/3 James Deacon

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Manji (in Sanscrit: svastika) Manji represents the harmonious interplay of the many opposites in life - heaven and earth, day and night, etc.
The horizontal line unites light and darkness, while the perpendicular line symbolically connects heaven and earth; and these two combined, form a cross representing the universe in harmony beyond the limits of time and space. From this harmony comes the power that creates and nurtures all things. The 'trailing' lines at the ends of the cross represent the truth that the universe and all things in it are in a perpetual state of flux.
There are two types of Manji - one a mirror image of the other. The 'clockwise' Manji with the 'trailing lines' running from the ends of the central cross to the right (sometimes called 'Ura' ) represents intellect and strength - the clarity of the 'Diamond Realm', while the 'anticlockwise' Manji with the 'trailing lines' running from the ends of the central cross to the left (sometimes called 'Omote') represents infinite mercy, or the love of Dharma which permeates the universe and nurtures all things.
'Hidden [or Secret] Teachings' - an umbrella-term for Esoteric Japanese Buddhism
Miko a Shinto Priestess
Mitsu-in Esoteric Sign
Mitsu Tomoe a 'mon' or crest comprised of three 'teardrop' or 'comma' shapes - symbolising 'In' (Japanese equivalent of the Chinese 'Yin'), 'Yo' (Yang) & 'Mu' (No-thing-ness). Also representing, among other things, the interrelationship between Heaven, Earth & Man(kind)
also: Juzu
A Japanese Buddhist Rosary - in Tenchi Seiki Te-Ate, a nenju of 27 beads (& 1 larger 'master' bead) is used in meditation practice.
'Mindful Power' - concentration - visualisation - by extension, a symbolic device - a Yantra or Mandala
Nenshin mindful concentration, mindfulness
Term used for a Buddha in Mikkyo sects. In Shingon, 'Nyorai'
is frequently used on its wn to refer specifically to Dainichi Nyorai, the central Shingon deity.
Nyorai kaji riki The Grace or responsive power of of Nyorai
Obake a 'transforming thing'. A ghost which manifests itself physically by possessing a common everyday object.
Generally obake are quite dangerous, feasting on human blood and organs; however some are benign, and are said to like the smell of incense or tea.
Obosan a priest (Jodo shu)
Odaimoku Variant of the term Daimoku: The Mantra of the Lotus Sutra
Ojin [skt. nirmanakaya] the 'Manifested Body'
Omamori 'to guard & protect' - an amulet
Oni Devils with shaggy hair, horns and fangs who wield huge gnarled clubs. Oni usually guard the gates of the various Buddhist hells and perform tortures on condemned souls.
Oni-bi Demon fires. Floating balls of fire of supernatural origin that herald demonic or ghostly activity
O-sho O-sho is an ancient Japanese term that, in a Buddhist context, is essentially reverential in as much as a monk might use it for his master, indicating the masters enlightened nature [Great Expanded-Consciousness]

It can also be conceptually translated something along the lines of "Spiritual Friend"

Sometimes used to refer to a Buddhist Priest
Rei To Bow - as in: Kamiza ni Rei [bow to the Altar], Otagai ni Rei [bow to fellow students], Sensei (Gata) ni Rei [bow to ones teacher(s)], Shinzen ni Rei [bow to a shrine.], Ritsu (or Tachi) Rei [standing bow], Za Rei [kneeling bow]

By bowing you are expressing respect, courtesy, and gratitude to your art, your sensei, dojo (training establishment), other students, and yourself
{This 'rei' is not written in the same kanji as the 'rei' in 'Reiki']
Reiho Etiquette; a method of bowing
Reiho 'Spiritual Method' [although the transliteration is the same, the original kanji-pair differs from that indicating Etiquette]
to confer or receive a Spiritual Gift - Spiritual (Rei) Gift (Ju)
Reijutsu A Shinto-related spiritual movement - one of aims of which was the improvement of health. Reijutsu makes use of a variety of healing methods including Reiki-like 'laying-on-of-hands' and healing through religious rituals.
The Reijutsu movement became quite prominent in the early 20th Century, and practitioners even travelled to Mongolia and gave lectures on their techniques to Chinese. (As a result, it is said, elements of Reijutsu found their way into Chinese Qi Gung practices.)
Reiki Jutsu Translates as 'Art of Reiki', however Reiki Jutsu is actually the name of a martial art (developed by Andy Wright) which combines elements of Reiki and Shotokan Karate!
Reiryoku Spiritual Power; Soul Power
'Reiryoku no Michi' 'The Way of Spiritual Power' - a specific way of perceiving, understanding and working with Spiritual, Therapeutic & Transformational 'energy-radiance'
Ryoho 'Healing Method; Medical Treatment'
Ryu 'Dragon'
Ryu 'School' - a specific style. [although the transliteration is the same, the original kanji differs from that indicating 'ryu': Dragon]

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